An introduction to the Qumran archaeology in the light of Roland de Vaux's research


  • Adriana Rotar Faculty of Orthodox Theology, Cluj-Napoca


Khirbet Qumran, Roland de Vaux, Qumran Community, Dead Sea scrolls, history of research


The almost 900 manuscripts found in the grottos near Khirbet Qumran on the shore of the Dead Sea between 1947 and 1956 were a sensation among theology, archaeology, and other various Sciences scholars. Probably no other archaeological find has stirred this much controversy emotions and interest as this one; it quickly mobilized the archaeologists who started digging the site in 1951, resuming their work in 1953-1956. The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Qumran Community are the two points on which the Biblical Archaeology and modern researches focus. For this reason, I saw it fit to call the readers' attention some pieces of Information on the results of the excavations which were carried out under the direct supervision of the theologian Roland de Vaux.